Electric vehicles, or EVs, are becoming more and more popular each year.
More people are making the switch to electric cars for a variety of reasons, from reducing their carbon footprint to saving money on fuel. If you’re thinking of making the switch to an electric car, or just curious about what’s available out there, then this guide is for you!
In this guide, we’ll go over the basics of first, second, and third-fit electrics. So whether you’re a beginner or an EV expert, read on for all you need to know about these electrifying cars!
What is a First-fit Electric car?
A first-fit electric car is a vehicle that can accommodate all of the passengers, as well as their luggage requirements, with only one battery pack.
This type of vehicle is ideal for those who need to transport a large family or group of people and don’t want to spend all their money on an expensive hybrid electric car just for the extra room. The most popular first-fit electric car on the market today is the Nissan Leaf.
What is a Second-fit Electric car?
A second-fit electric car is a vehicle that will allow the driver to switch between using one or two battery packs.
This is beneficial if you need just enough extra capacity at times, though it does limit your overall mileage range. The Toyota Prius Plug-in and the Mitsubishi iMiEV are examples of second-fix electric cars.
What is a Third-fit Electric car?
A third-fit electric car is a vehicle that will allow the driver to switch between using one, two, or three battery packs.
This would be beneficial if you live in an area where you drive long distances regularly. These vehicles are also good for those who may need all the extra range of a third pack at times but don’t want to spend the extra money on an expensive electric vehicle for commuting purposes.
The Chevrolet Volt is an example of a third-fit electric car.
Which Type of Electric car is Best for me?
It’s important to think about all the different factors relating to your driving habits when deciding which type of electric vehicle is best for you.
If you live in an area where there are frequent power outages, then a first-fit electric car would be ideal because it has only one battery pack. Also, if long trips are more of what you’re into, then a third-fit electric car would be best because you can use all three battery packs when necessary.
How Much Does an Electric Car Cost to Maintain and Operate Compared to a Petrol or Diesel Vehicle?
Even though electric cars are more expensive to purchase, they are less expensive to maintain and operate.
Petrol cars require maintenance almost every 3–5 thousand miles, which includes oil changes, transmission flushes, tyre rotations, etc. On the other hand, electric cars have very few moving parts, so maintenance is typically limited to changing brake pads and windshield wiper blades.
Electric cars also do not require oil changes, which saves you time and money in the long run.
Are There any Government Incentives Available to Help With the Cost of Purchasing or Operating an Electric Vehicle?
There are several government incentives to help with the cost of purchasing or operating an electric vehicle.
For example, tax credits for those who drive EVs. Also, agencies like the Department of Energy (DOE) offer grants to business owners who want to install charging stations in their workplaces or at their homes.
Lastly, if you purchase an electric vehicle from a manufacturer as opposed to a dealership, they may have their incentives available.
Are There Any Downsides to Owning an Electric car Compared to a Petrol or Diesel Vehicle?
There are very few downsides to owning an electric car.
Since an electric vehicle runs on electricity rather than petrol or diesel, you’ll never need to pay for an oil change or maintain the engine. Also, since electricity is less expensive than fuel, operating costs will be much lower.
There are also no emissions with electric vehicles!
What are the Different Types of EVs?
There are several different types of electric vehicles, including BEVs (battery electric vehicles), PHEVs (plug-in hybrid electric vehicles) and EREVs (extended-range electric vehicles).
What is a Hybrid-Electric Vehicle (HEV)?
A hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) also requires no fuel but has an electric motor that works with the internal combustion engine. These cars are very fuel-efficient and typically get around 40 to 50 miles per gallon.
How Do Hybrid Electric Vehicles Work?
An HEV uses a battery pack to capture and store energy from braking, which can then be used later to power the electric motor.
This is very similar to the way an EV or EREV works, where all or most of its power comes from electricity. The big difference between HEVs and EVs is that HEVs use both electricity and petrol or diesel, while EVs rely solely on electricity.
What is Mild, Full, and Strong Hybridisation?
A mild hybrid uses a small battery pack and an electric motor to assist the internal combustion engine.
The car will typically get around 30–40 MPG because it relies on both fossil fuels and electricity. A full hybrid is similar to a mild hybrid but can run without petrol or diesel entirely.
Some full hybrids use larger battery packs than others, so they may not be able to travel as far on electricity alone. Finally, a strong hybrid is similar to a full hybrid but can drive about 15–25 miles without using any fuel at all.
What is the Difference Between a 100% Electric Vehicle (EV) and an Extended-Range Electric Vehicle (EREV)?
A battery-powered, all-electric car runs only on the electricity stored in its batteries.
An EREV has both a petrol engine and batteries that power an electric motor. The EREV requires less charging time but still has a limited range.
An example of a 100% electric vehicle is the Nissan Leaf. An example of an extended-range electric vehicle is the Chevy Volt.
While electric cars are becoming more and more popular, they may not be the best choice for everyone. If you’re considering purchasing an electric car, it’s important to do your research and understand what type of electric car is best for you.
If you want any advice or have any questions about the installation of a charging station then please don’t hesitate to contact us today.